Hal 9000The EU has recently proposed a draft regulation that would address future challenges of artificial intelligence. The EU is attempting a balancing act between promoting the development of AI against over-regulation of new technologies. The regulation categorizes AI based on the perceived risk level, regulating more strictly an AI system that is deemed as being higher-risk.

The draft regulation adopts a broad definition of AI to encompass software developed with a variety of machine learning techniques. These include supervised, unsupervised and reinforcement learning and a variety of methods such as deep learning, logic and knowledge-based and statistical approaches, Bayesian estimation, and search optimization methods that generate outputs. Relevant outputs include content, predictions, recommendations, or decisions influencing the environments with which the AI interacts.

Below are highlights of the main aspects of the draft regulation.


Continue Reading The End of Skynet? The EU Takes on AI

Commercial practices of Internet Services Providers (ISPs) to exclude certain applications and services from being counted against customers’ data caps, a practice known as Zero-Rating, are arguably creating an economic incentive for users to prefer zero-rated apps and services. These commercial behaviors are under scrutiny on both sides of the Atlantic, but the way regulators are actually tackling the issue differs. While in the U.S., California’s net neutrality law prohibits ISPs from engaging in discriminatory Zero-Rating, the European Union’s net neutrality law only sets up a general obligation of equal traffic treatment.  AT&T’s recent decision to end its Zero-Rating program across the U.S. shows that U.S. ISPs are ready to adapt their commercial strategies to strict net neutrality rules.

The European Union (EU) is dealing with Zero-Rating through the prism of the first court case from the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) on the topic.


Continue Reading How to Achieve Net Neutrality? Cornering Zero Rating Has No Geo Cap