On October 30, 2023, President Biden issued a landmark Executive Order (EO) addressing artificial intelligence. The EO builds upon the White House’s Blueprint for an AI Bill of Rights released last year and includes requirements for cabinet secretaries, the corporate sector, and various White House offices, as well as proposed steps for independent federal agencies.
The EO sets forth several key definitions, including the definitions of AI, AI model, AI system, generative AI, and machine learning, among others.
- “Artificial intelligence” or “AI”: A machine-based system that can, for a given set of human-defined objectives, make predictions, recommendations, or decisions influencing real or virtual environments. Artificial intelligence systems use machine- and human-based inputs to perceive real and virtual environments; abstract such perceptions into models through analysis in an automated manner; and use model inference to formulate options for information or action.
- “AI model”: A component of an information system that implements AI technology and uses computational, statistical, or machine-learning techniques to produce outputs from a given set of inputs.
- “AI system”: Any data system, software, hardware, application, tool, or utility that operates in whole or in part using AI.
- “Generative AI”: The class of AI models that emulate the structure and characteristics of input data in order to generate derived synthetic content. This can include images, videos, audio, text, and other digital content.
- “Machine learning”: A set of techniques that can be used to train AI algorithms to improve performance at a task based on data.